DSC Special Seminar
We are pleased to invite Prof. Gisbert Schneider, Vice President of ETH Zurich (Singapore Section Director), to give a special lecture at NAIST.
Prof. Gisbert Schneider is world-renowned as the head of RETHINK, an AI research project at the ETH.
If you are interested, please join us.
Time & Date:
13:30 – 15:00 on April 19, 2023
Seminar Hall, Interdisciplinary Frontier Research Complex No.2
12:00p.m. on April 18, 2023
Prof. Gisbert Schneider
ETH Zurich, Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, Zurich, Switzerland; ETH Singapore SEC Ltd, Singapore.
DE NOVO MOLECULAR DESIGN WITH MACHINE INTELLIGENCE
Molecular design may be regarded as a pattern recognition process. Chemists are skilled in visual chemical structure recognition and their association with (retro)synthesis routes and molecular properties. In this context, various “artificial intelligence” (AI) methods have emerged as potentially enabling technology for drug discovery and automation, because these systems aim to mimic the chemist’s pattern recognition process and take it to the next level by considering the available domain–specific data and associations during model development. The same is true for predicting the pharmacological activity and other properties of small molecules. Here, AI technology, in particular deep networks, and jury methods, have advanced the field by providing increasingly accurate qualitative and quantitative prediction models. Part of the appeal of applying AI methods in drug design lies in the potential to develop data-driven, implicit model building processes to navigate vast datasets and to prioritize alternatives. This concept represents at least a partial transfer of decision power to an AI and could be viewed as synergistic with human intelligence; that is, a domain-specific implicit AI that would not only imitate but augment the capabilities of chemists in molecular design and selection. More ambitiously, the ultimate challenge for drug design with AI is to autonomously generate new chemical entities with the desired properties from scratch (de novo), without the need for the often prohibitively costly experimental compound screening.
We will review the principles of AI methods for de novo drug design, emphasizing approaches that have proven useful and reliable in “little-data” scenarios. Selected prospective case studies will be presented, ranging from targeted molecular design to fully automated design-make-test-analyse cycles. We provide a critical assessment of the possibilities and limitations of the individual approaches and dare forecasting the future of drug design with AI.
Moret, M., Pachon Angona, I., Cotos, L., Yan, S., Atz, K., Brunner, C., Baumgartner, M., Grisoni, F., Schneider, G. (2023) Leveraging molecular structure and bioactivity with chemical language models for drug design. Nature Communications 14, 114.
Atz, K., Isert, C., Böcker, N. M. A., Jiménez-Luna, J., Schneider, G. (2022) Δ-Quantum machine learning for medicinal chemistry. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 24, 10775-10783
Grisoni, F., Huisman, B., Button, A., Moret, M., Atz, K., Merk, D., Schneider, G. (2021) Combining generative artificial intelligence and on-chip synthesis for de novo drug design. Science Advances 7, eabg3338.
Friedrich, L., Cingolani, G., Ko, Y.-H., Iaselli, M., Miciaccia, M., Perrone, M. G., Neukirch, K., Bobinger, V., Merk, D., Hofstetter, R. K., Werz, O., Koeberle, A., Scilimati, A., Schneider, G. (2021) Learning from nature: From a marine natural product to synthetic cyclooxygenase-1 inhibitors by automated de novo design. Advanced Science 8, 2100832.
Schneider, G. (2018) Automating drug discovery. Nature Reviews Drug Discovery 17, 97–113.
Contact: Data Science Center, Nara Institute of Science and Technology (NAIST)
e-mail: dsc-info[at] dsc.naist.jp
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